What is the advantage of fiber optic cabling?

fiber optic cabling

Communications technology has advanced rapidly over the years. Almost everyone has a phone and is connected to the internet in some shape or form. The hardware network of towers and cables needs to keep up with the demand to ensure communication is smooth. One of the technologies used to keep the network running is fiber optic cabling. Experts in the telecommunication industry believe that fiber optics are superior to other forms of cabling and here are some reasons why:

  1. Bandwidth

Traditional copper wire cables are great for voice communication and telephone lines. These require lower bandwidth and speeds than modern internet communication. Low bandwidth makes this form of cabling insufficient for comprehensive internet use, which is why ISPs have started to switch over to fiber optics. These cables come in two different forms –singlemode fiber and multimode fiber. The former can transmit double the throughput.

  1. Speed

Fiber optics is faster than regular copper cable. It transmits information through light at 31% the speed of light, which is very fast. Traditional copper wires, even Cat5 and Cat6 wires can’t keep up with that level of speed. The communication is instantaneous and data degeneration is minimal.

  1. Distance

Standard copper cables are limited to around 328 feet, which can limit the capacity and flexibility of a network. Fiber optic cables can carry data without degeneration over much larger distances. A singlemode cable can transmit data over 25 miles without problems. This is more convenient and can help save a lot of money.

  1. Cost

Fiber optic cables have a higher initial investment, which can deter some clients. However, the initial investment can be recovered in future savings. This cable requires less maintenance, doesn’t need to be replaced as often, and is very resistant to damage. The lower cost of ownership provides long-term benefit.

  1. Pull pressure

Copper wires are resilient but they can’t withstand as much pull-pressure as fiber optics can. They are likely to snap within the casing, which can compromise the connection and data transfer. Fiber optics can withstand much more pull pressure and isn’t liable to break under pressure.

  1. Reliability

Fiber optic cables are extremely resistant to temperature changes. They can bear exposure to storms, moisture, excessive cold, heat, etc. They continue to transmit data even when the conditions are bad. That means a fiber optic network is much more reliable than regular networks.

  1. No electric current

As the data is transmitted via light, there’s no electric current present in these cables. Because of this, fiber optic wires are immune to electromagnetic interference. They’re also not an electrical hazard risk so the cables are safer to repair and replace.

  1. Secure

The signal transmitting through copper wire can radiate beyond the cable, which allows people to tap it with the right equipment. In fiber optic cables, all information is contained within a core channel to ensure no light escapes the wire. There’s no radiation so there’s no opportunity for people to tap it. This makes the system much more secure and suitable for business installations.

  1. Easy and quick to install

Fiber optics are easier and quicker to install compared to traditional cables. Well-trained technicians can get the installation process done in a matter of hours depending on the scale of it. Copper wire installation isn’t too difficult but it does require a little more effort.

Fiber optics can improve the performance and speed of any network by a considerable margin. That’s why many clients have decided to upgrade their older networks and switch to fiber optics. This option is more convenient, affordable, and easier to maintain.

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